HAIR LOSS MEDICAL TREATMENT
Medications serve are important role in both the prevention & treatment of hair loss, particularly in the early stages of the balding process. The FDA approved medication Finasteride which inhibits DHT is particularly helpful in reversing genetic baldness in its early stages. Minoxidil can sometimes be useful for early loss by stimulating hair growth. But it is more effective when used in conjunction with Propecia. Medical therapy works to thicken hair in areas that are thinning, rather than to grow hair once it is lost.
OTHER NON-SURGICAL THERAPIES
The effect of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on genetically susceptible hair follicles is the cause of male pattern baldness. DHT is formed from testosterone by the action of enzyme 5 alpha reductase. Finasteride acts by blocking 5 alpha reductase and thus does not allow conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT). This is the only oral medication approved by FDA.
Minoxidil is a topical solution that has to be applied directly on the scalp. It is available in various concentrations – 10% & 5 % for men and 2% for women. The exact mode of action of minoxidil is not known, but it seems to increase hair follicle growth duration. It also improves miniaturization of hair as this increases diameter of fine hair. This works best on vertex and does not work at all on the totally bald scalp without any hair follicles.
No progression of hair loss
Progression of hair loss